Journal of Water Resources and Pollution Studies en-US Fri, 10 May 2024 06:05:51 +0000 OJS 60 Utilization of Substrate and Kinetics in the Aerobic and Anaerobic Digestion of Domestic Wastewater <p>This study explores the dynamics of aerobic and anaerobic domestic wastewater treatment to<br>understand how substrate evolves. The findings demonstrate the efficiency of oxygen-dependent<br>mechanisms in decomposing organic matter by showing a progressive decrease in substrate levels<br>under aerobic conditions. On the other hand, a distinctive pattern appears in anaerobic settings,<br>emphasizing the effect of oxygen-free surroundings on substrate reduction. The results highlight<br>how aerobic treatment can accelerate the breakdown of pollutants in domestic wastewater.<br>Furthermore, the research highlights the effectiveness of anaerobic environments in stimulating<br>substrate reduction, providing perspectives for substitute techniques for wastewater processing.<br>The recommendations include enhancing aerobic treatment procedures, investigating integrated<br>treatment strategies, monitoring microbial communities, considering the environment, and<br>encouraging sustainable activities. This study contributes to the current efforts in wastewater<br>management by shedding light on the different benefits of aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The<br>results showed that the parameters tested include pH, nitrate, Dissolved Oxygen (DO), and<br>Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), according to WHO standards. At the same time,<br>conductivity temperature has no specific standard. The results provide a framework for additional<br>treatment strategy optimization, resulting in more environmentally friendly and effective domestic<br>wastewater treatment options.</p> Arimieari, L. W., Bemene, B. Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Water Resources and Pollution Studies Wed, 12 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Review- Rain Water Harvesting – A Campus Study of CDGI <p>"Our natural environment is a direct or indirect source of everything we need for life and<br>wellbeing. This is sustainability's fundamental concept. "To pursue sustainability is to create and<br>maintain the conditions under which humans and nature can exist in productive harmony to<br>support present and future generations."<br>The most valuable natural resource on Earth has always been water. Living is impossible without<br>it. Thus, it is vital for Development, productivity, and health. Drought and water shortages are two<br>of the most concerning consequences of climate change, which has become a severe concern for<br>the world.<br>Water shortage is a significant issue for towns as well as villages worldwide. Water quality has<br>declined due to overexploitation of surface and groundwater resources brought on by<br>urbanization, industrial growth, and enhanced productivity in agriculture. Because of the<br>unpredictable rainfall, the traditional water sources wells, streams, lakes, etc. cannot supply<br>enough water to meet demand. Look into a new water supply while the rainwater gathering<br>equipment operates. Utilizing rainwater is this project's goal, bringing the preservation of the<br>environment closer to reality. In this study, the Rainwater Harvesting (RWH) system at the<br>Chameli Devi Group of Institution, Indore (CDGI) campus in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh<br>is examined as a potential alternative water source. The study's anticipated result is to design a<br>rainwater collecting system for the campus's catchment region from the central building's rooftop<br>area.</p> Kuldeep Vachney, Radhika Variya, Rahul Dodwe, Nandini Verma, Ajay Thakur, Urvashi Mahajan, Arpit Jaiswal Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Water Resources and Pollution Studies Fri, 10 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Advanced Techniques in Water Resource Engineering: Sustainable Solutions for Water Management <p>Water resource engineering addresses global water challenges, including scarcity, quality, and <br>management. As populations grow and climate change impacts intensify innovative and <br>sustainable water management solutions become more critical. This paper delves into advanced <br>techniques in water resource engineering, emphasizing sustainable practices to ensure efficient <br>water management. The study examines traditional water resource engineering methods, <br>highlighting their limitations in addressing contemporary water issues. It then transitions to <br>exploring cutting-edge technologies and practices that have emerged in recent years. These <br>include using remote sensing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for real-time water <br>monitoring and management, advanced modeling techniques for predicting water flow and quality <br>and implementing green infrastructure to enhance water sustainability. In summary, this paper <br>provides a comprehensive overview of advanced techniques in water resource engineering, <br>focusing on sustainable solutions for effective water management. By integrating innovative <br>technologies, robust policies, and adaptive strategies, it aims to contribute to developing resilient <br>water systems capable of meeting the challenges of the 21st century.</p> Partha Protim Roy, Md Shahriar Abdullah Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Water Resources and Pollution Studies Mon, 08 Jul 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Applications of Natural and Chemical Coagulants to Treat Water <p>Water treatment is crucial for safe drinking water, especially in resource-limited regions. Natural<br>coagulants like Moringa oleifera, Nirmali Seeds, and Azadirachta Indica are sustainable<br>alternatives to chemical coagulants. They remove contaminants from water, promising potential<br>for rural and developing areas. However, further research is needed to optimize their application<br>and scale up for widespread adoption. Natural coagulants are environmentally friendly and costeffective,<br>making them a promising future solution. Water treatment is critical in ensuring access<br>to clean and safe water for various purposes. This paper explores the applications of natural and<br>chemical coagulants in water treatment. Natural coagulants, derived from organic sources such as<br>plants and seeds, offer environmentally friendly alternatives to conventional chemical coagulants.<br>Chemical coagulants, on the other hand, provide rapid and effective removal of impurities through<br>processes like charge neutralization and flocculation. The comparative effectiveness, costefficiency,<br>and environmental impact of both types of coagulants are examined, highlighting their<br>respective advantages and limitations. Additionally, emerging trends and innovations in coagulant<br>technology are discussed, offering insights into the future of water treatment practices.</p> Dipanshu Kalambe, Pallavi Randive, Aditya Agrekar, Atul Meshram Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Water Resources and Pollution Studies Wed, 22 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Effect on Concrete by Using Partial Pharmaceutical Industrial Waste Water <p>Water is a precious resource essential for human life and valuable for development. The total <br>demand for water increases as the region's population grows. This could lead to a strain on water <br>supplies, particularly in areas with a shortage of freshwater resources. Water is also required for <br>the construction industry. With slightly under eight billion people on the planet today, there is an <br>increasing need for water due to water stress brought on by climate change. Water shortage is <br>mainly caused by urbanization. The deficiency of water is rapidly becoming a problem all over the <br>world. This project studies the use of wastewater effluent in place of potable water in plane <br>concrete production. The wastewater sample obtained from the MIDC Kurukumb, Daund, was <br>tested for pH, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Chloride, Hardness, Alkalinity and Sulphate. To <br>achieve M40 grade concrete mix, wastewater is replaced by 0% to 100% with an interval of 25%.</p> Kawade Pallavi Anil, Nagare K. S. , Supekar M. B. Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Water Resources and Pollution Studies Wed, 24 Jul 2024 00:00:00 +0000